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Writings based on Objectivism, the philosophy of Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand's most popular novels are Atlas Shrugged and The Fountainhead, which present her philosophy, Objectivism, in vivid characterizations.

  Metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, esthetics, and  politics are the five main branches of philosophy that she identifies. Utilizing her methodology, one can be rational about all aspects of life. These essays present my understanding of Objectivism.

Older Essays

This is Your Mind

Independence Day Special 2005

Copyright Issues Statement

Independence Day Special 2011:

 Jesus or Ayn Rand?

Don't Blame Wall Street

Governments and Individual Rights

Anarcho-Capitalism rebuttal

Doctors and Individual Rights

Internet Freedom VS On-line Piracy

Laws Must be Specific to Preserve Freedom

To Students of Objectivism

Kant as Founder of Modern Art

Thinking in Terms of Principles

The Purpose of Art

On Objectivity -- The Method of Thought

Applications of Philosophy

Happiness by a Proper Standard

Morality and War

Induction and Anarchism

Immigration and Applied Egoism

Independence Day 2012:

  Losing the Battle

On Civil Society

Batman and Justice

Paul Ryan and Objectivism

Philosophy in the Workplace

Articulating Freedom

The Argument for Freedom


Black Friday Special, The Morality of Profit

Intellectual Property Rights

How The Internet Works

Carnegie Museum of Art and Natural History

The Morality of Copyrights and Patents


Freedom of Speech -- a Sacred Right

Objective Value

Teleological Measurements




Ayn Rand as a Moral Hero

Moral Integrity

On Dualism

Protest NSA Spying

The Objectivist Trilogy

The DIM Hypothesis

Tolerance and DIM

Individual Rights

How We Know



































Date: Sun, 7 Mar 1999
micro-macro causality
Thomas M. Miovas, Jr.

Objectivism rejects the Renaissance understanding of causality
because it understand more thoroughly that an entity acts
according to its nature, rather than the idea that an entity
acts the way it does because something other than it acts on
that entity.

A more thorough understanding of the Objectivist understanding
of causality is that the "What" is that the water is boiling,
whereas the "How" is that it is water. If a brick were placed
over the same flame, it wouldn't boil because it is a brick. In
other words, the cause is the entity and its own action is the
effect. Once one understands this distinction, interaction (the
Renaissance understanding of causality as antecedent factors)
can be understood as a derivative.

What Stephen seems to be trying to do is apply the Renaissance
understanding of causality to molecular and quantum entities
that interact with one another -- thus providing a "deeper"
understanding. However, each of those entities acts according to
its own nature as a primary, and this is the deepest level one
can go. I'll grant you that once one knows the nature of the
constituents of an entity, the overall nature of the entity is
better understood, and therefore one can better understand why
an entity we can perceive acts the way it does; but this doesn't
mean that shifting the antecedents to the sub-molecular level
gives us any better understanding than the metaphysical fact
that a thing is what it is and acts accordingly -- not if one is
not going to understand causality as the action of an entity
arising from the fact that it is what it is.

As a counter-example to Stephen's: In the same electric field,
an electron will move one way, whereas a proton will move the
other way. The antecedent factors are the same (the electric
field), but the entities behave differently. Why? Because an
electron is an electron, whereas a proton is a proton.

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Thomas M. Miovas, Jr.



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Proud to be an Objectivist -- one who follows Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism: I've earned it.